During the past four epidemics, about 40% of people infected with H7N9 died, the CDC reports. An outbreak of contagious and deadly Marburg virus disease in the Kween district of eastern Uganda was declared by the nation’s Ministry of Health on October 19. Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) is a specialized technical institution of the African Union established to support public health initiatives of Member States and strengthen the capacity of their public health institutions to detect, prevent, control and respond quickly and effectively to disease threats. This study describes the investigation of typhoid fever outbreak in Limpopo province. [1] It is the world's worst ever listeriosis outbreak. The death toll of 124 by 20 October exceeded that of previous outbreaks. When traveling to countries where Chikungunya is prevalent, you should protect yourself by preventing mosquito bites. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. [3] Additionally, further samples from another Enterprise factory in Germiston and from a Rainbow Chicken factory in the Free State tested positive for Listeria, although which strain these samples tested positive for is not yet known. [3], Prior to 2017, an average of 60 to 80 listeriosis cases were confirmed in South Africa per year. There's yet another reason to use bug spray, and it's a viral disease called Chikungunya. Avian influenza (H7N9) occurred in China. It is usually transmitted to humans from fruit bats and then spread among people through direct contact (including sexual) or contact with contaminated surfaces and materials. Lassa fever is endemic to West Africa, but this year there has been a particularly large, deadly outbreak in Nigeria. In fact, a recent outbreak in Bangladesh has sparked concern for refugee populations, particularly children. [1] The outbreak was first identified by doctors at Chris Hani and Steve Biko academic hospitals in July 2017, who notified the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) about an unusually high number of neonatal infections. [9], The South African government issued a recall notice of all products of RCL Foods Limited and Enterprise Foods and Rainbow Chicken facilities on March 4. Avian influenza (H7N9) is a type of influenza A that comes from waterfowl and domestic poultry, where it can spread silently because it causes no symptoms or illness in birds. Since 2012 there have been 2,103 cases and at least 733 deaths reported in 27 countries (including the US) — but most cases occurred in Saudi Arabia. There aren't any health-related travel restrictions for Nigeria since visitors are still at low risk for contracting Lassa. As of September 2017, the WHO has reported 764 human cases of H7N9. High-risk foods include deli meat, soft cheeses and cold-smoked fish — really, anything that can sit in a refrigerator for a long time and is eaten without further cooking. According to the WHO, this 2017 outbreak of Lassa is the first one to occur in the Borno state of Nigeria in nearly 48 years, with 501 suspected cases and 104 deaths reported since December 2016. The most affected countries were Nigeria (17 375 cases) and Niger (9343 cases). Yemen has been contending with an outbreak of cholera since October of last year. There is no treatment or vaccine for Marburg, but supportive care at a hospital can improve the chances of survival. Humans usually get Lassa from contact with infected rats or their urine and feces, but it can also spread from contact with an infected person's bodily fluids. Since 5 December 2017, the Department of Health amended the list of notifiable diseases to include Listeriosis. Prior to this outbreak, Listeriosis was not a notifiable condition. On May 17, 2017 4:55 am In Health by Emmanuel Okogba. So you've probably heard of this this deadly disease and you might be terrified to hear that it's back. Cholera is caused by ingesting food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Contact Caroline Kee at caroline.kee@buzzfeed.com. There were 1,060 confirmed cases of listeriosis during the outbreak, and about 216 deaths. In 2017, there have been several outbreaks of MERS-Cov, accounting for approximately 224 cases and 67 deaths. Dengue fever hit parts of Africa and Asia. 2 July 2017 – Today, WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). It's transmitted to humans from infected mosquitoes and can cause a high fever, muscle and joint pain, and headaches, but it is not fatal. An assessment of the geographical risks of wild and vaccine-derived poliomyelitis outbreaks in Africa and Asia BMC Infect Dis . This year marks China's fifth epidemic of avian influenza in humans (H7N9), and unfortunately it's the largest annual epidemic to date. [7], Laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases started to rise in mid-2017 and peaked in December 2017, with 32 cases in a week. [6], On March 5, Botswana, Namibia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia suspended all imports of processed meat from South Africa. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) broke out in the Arabian peninsula. There's no specific treatment or vaccine, but with supportive care, dengue usually goes away on its own. The Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a rare and deadly condition. Events such as the 2014–2015 West Africa epidemic of Ebola virus disease highlight the importance of the capacity to detect and respond to public health threats. Environmental samples from the factory were found to contain the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes strain ST 6, the strain responsible for the outbreak. NmX increased from 0.6% of N. meningitidis cases in 2015 to 27% in 2017. When it spreads from birds to humans, it causes a severe flu with increased respiratory distress and nausea. ET, [Editor's note: The numbers listed reflect the most recent data available from the World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and country Ministries of Health. The average Ebola case fatality rate is around 50%, but it can be as high as 90%. Travelers can protect themselves from dengue by taking the same precautions as they would for any mosquito-borne disease. However, the Chinese government is closely monitoring the outbreak and taking prevention measures and scientists are working on a vaccine to prevent the disease entirely. In 2017, there were several deadly outbreaks of dengue in Africa and Asia. This year was FULL of surprises. It included a total of eight cases and four deaths. [4][5], Interviews conducted by the authorities with people who contracted listeriosis indicated that processed cold meats, most notably polony, was the likely cause of the outbreak. Outbreaks of infectious diarrhoeal diseases in Yemen, Somalia, and Ethiopia are devastating communities already suffering from conflict, drought, and potential famine, global health officials have warned. The 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa was the largest in history and the first-ever epidemic, affecting multiple countries, including some cases in the US in travelers. The incidence of dengue around the world has increased in recent years and according to the WHO, there are an estimated 390 million dengue infections per year. There is also an ongoing diphtheria outbreak in Yemen, and the WHO is in the process of delivering emergency aid to stop it from spreading. Malawi has been facing a cholera outbreak since late 2017 Lagos, Nigeria (CNN) At least 30 people have died and 893 are ill in a cholera outbreak in Malawi, the health ministry said Thursday. The viruses that cause EVD are located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. 2017 May 26;17(1):367. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2443-4. Para saber mais sobre nossa política de cookies, acesse link. Kindly Share This Story: THE return of the Ebola Virus Disease to … Kindly Share This Story: A World Bank Official, Dr Khama Rogo has described Africa … During the past four avian influenza (H7N9) epidemics, about 40% of those infected died. Symptoms of listeri… In July, there was an outbreak reported in Sri Lanka which included 80,732 cases and 215 deaths, which was significantly higher than past years. The good news is that the virus does not easily pass from human to human — which could be very dangerous. Marburg causes a severe hemorrhagic fever among humans that can result in organ failure, shock, and severe bleeding. Looks like your browser doesn't support JavaScript. On October 9, 2017 6:16 pm In News by Nwafor. 2017. The plague is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which is usually transmitted from rodents to humans by infected fleas, and less commonly, from human to human. The disease outbreak fighters are on the way. There are three types of plague: bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic. [10][11] Tiger Brands reportedly admitted to knowing about the presence of listeria in some of its products eighteen days before the government recall. The overall fatality rate is about 1%, but for severe cases it's about 15% and pregnant women are at highest risk. Zimbabwe has experienced cholera outbreaks dating as far back as 1971 with an unprecedented outbreak occurring in 2008/2009 when 60 of the 62 districts in the country were affected. In rare cases, dengue can turn into a serious and fatal condition called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The plague broke out in Madagascar.. Since 2016, the number of Ebola cases have dropped dramatically, but in May of 2017 there was a small outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Kenya was also put on high alert, because one of the people in Uganda had traveled to Kenya prior to his death. Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is caused by a virus spread through blood and bodily fluids from infected humans or animals. A catastrophic Ebola epidemic killed more than 11,300 people in West Africa between 2013 and 2016; so far this new outbreak looks small and containable. Diphtheria is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which produces a toxin in the body that can cause blocked airways, paralysis, heart damage, and death. Korea (Rep. of) 1 – following the last FMD outbreak reported in the country in April 2016, the disease has re occurred on the 5th of February 2017, still caused by serotype O. Of N. meningitidis cases, 53% were NmC, 30% NmW, and 13% NmX. In May, the Ministry of Health in Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) confirmed a dengue outbreak in the capital of Abidjan which included 623 cases and two deaths. The largest cholera outbreak this year occurred in Yemen, and since the outbreak began in October there have been 862,858 suspected cases and 2,177 deaths — but those numbers are expected to rise before the year ends. Most outbreaks occur in healthcare settings where there's poor hygiene, but researchers are still trying to understand how people spread the virus. Between 1 January 2017 through 14 March 2018, 978 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases have been reported to the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) from all provinces. The disease is highly contagious and spreads rapidly in areas with poor sewage infrastructure and inadequate hygiene. In addition to Italy and France, there has been an ongoing outbreak of Chikungunya in Pakistan, with about 1018 suspected cases in the capital of Karachi. However, you should always take precautionary measures, like washing your hands, if you stay in an area with poor sanitation and also avoid contact with sick people. Samples taken from Enterprise and Rainbow Chicken polony products at the crèche the children attended tested positive for the strain of listeriosis causing the outbreak and led investigators to the infected production facilities. The outbreaks of MERS-CoV have not resulted in any travel restrictions to the Arabian Peninsula, but the CDC recommends that travelers use caution to prevent infection. 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